Crypto Liquidity Pool – Irreplaceable Source of Liquidity in the Crypto Market
March 31, 2023 - In the context of a wide variety of digital assets in the cryptocurrency market, the participants' interest in purchasing them depends on various factors determining the viability of an investment. At the same time, in order to ensure the rapid purchase or sale of this or that crypto asset, it is necessary to constantly maintain a stable and sufficient level of crypto liquidity. In DeFi, this task is addressed by crypto liquidity pools.
This article will be a brief guide to the world of crypto liquidity. It will tell about what a crypto liquidity pool is, how it is formed, and its advantages within the framework of trading on the crypto market.
What is a Crypto Liquidity Pool?
Liquidity pools are aggregated masses of coins or tokens on smart contracts that facilitate trading, financing, lending, and other transactions on decentralized exchanges. As the name implies, decentralized exchanges or DEXs are platforms where users can swap coins and tokens without the supervision of a third-party (opposite to centralized exchanges) — the whole work is done automatically by smart contracts. High liquidity there is maintained by pooling user-provided funds in a liquidity pool.
Without the need to find a direct counterparty, liquidity pools strive to ensure the execution of buy and sell orders at any time of day and at any price you choose. If you want to purchase a token, you don't have to hunt for a seller — a suitable amount of liquidity in the storage is all that is needed. For this, the system makes use of automated market makers (AMM) — smart contracts that execute orders. As tokens are exchanged, an AMM makes price modifications depending on its algorithm. Regardless of the amount of the transaction, the algorithm always assures liquidity in the aggregator.
The typical liquidity pool is a 50:50 ratio of the two currencies. Let's say 50% Bitcoin (BTC) and 50% Ethereum (ETH). When you buy BTC for ETH, aggregators start losing BTC and getting more ETH. The algorithm increases Bitcoin's price and decreases Ether's price to maintain a regulated ratio. This process is a self-organizing, automated response to crypto market liquidity needs.
How is the Crypto Liquidity Pool Formed?
This crypto liquidity storage is made up of funds provided by users, who are called liquidity providers (LPs). Anyone can become a liquidity provider of crypto as long as they have the same number of coins of a particular trading pair within the staking framework.
On the part of crypto investors and market traders, participation in the liquidity pool takes place through staking – the process of depositing coins into the protocol at a percentage. The provider's profit is formed from the commissions for the transactions made with his tokens and depends on a number of parameters: the total volume of liquidity on the protocol, the share of a particular liquidity provider, etc. Thus, platforms using a decentralized liquidity pool are interested in offering users profitable and competitive staking terms.
When depositing money in a pool crypto, the user receives LP-tokens in return. These are special tokens that act as a receipt stating that the protocol took the money at its disposal and is obligated to return it. LP-tokens are proportional in value to the number of coins deposited. They cannot be traded on cryptocurrency exchanges. But they have a value of their own and can be used for other purposes: farming yields, staking, or exchanging between users. With LP-tokens, it is often possible to make a double profit: by providing liquidity in one smart contract and by staking them in another (or the same) one. To withdraw funds from the liquidity pool, you must provide an LP token to the platform. You can unfreeze and withdraw money in most protocols at any time. Some LP tokens can be tracked on major cryptocurrency aggregators such as CoinMarketCap and CoinGecko.
When a new pool is created, the first liquidity provider sets the starting exchange rate for the crypto assets within the pool. Each provider must deposit an equal amount of both tokens into the pool. Suppose the starting exchange rate within the pool differs greatly from current global prices. In that case, this immediately creates the possibility for arbitrage, which can mean a capital loss for the liquidity provider. This concept of delivering tokens at the right ratio remains true for all subsequent providers who want to send their funds into the pool.
Advantages of Liquidity Pools in the Crypto Market
The use of liquidity pools gives traders and investors a unique opportunity to make easy money with minimal risk. This type of liquidity aggregation has a very wide range of different advantages, which help to maintain a constant interest of market participants in depositing coins.
- High interest
Staking offers an excellent opportunity to increase your crypto capital by giving crypto assets to a pool at an annual interest rate. As a rule, this indicator is higher than on bank deposits. However, it should be borne in mind that the value depends on many factors — the size of the liquidity pool, the demand for the token, and the popularity of the platform itself. In other words, the rate is floating, so the investor should periodically check their wallets and monitor the market situation.
DeFi platforms do not have a centralized governing body and intermediaries. Owners manage their wallets themselves — they cannot be blocked, nor can transactions be canceled, as they are regulated by smart contracts. This advantage is especially appreciated among market participants who leave their coins in the liquidity pool as DeFi technology is slowly but surely revolutionizing the financial system, which will help create new branches of staking and farming development.
Since the field of decentralized finance is not subject to regulations, governments, or other entities, account verification (KYC) is not required. On these platforms, no one will ask you to send scanned copies of your passport or take a photo with a document, indicate the origin of funds, or provide other personal information in order to be able to leave your funds in the liquidity pool. This helps to maintain a favorable environment within the crypto pool ecosystem, as it guarantees the privacy of users' assets and the reliability of the platform that offers the staking opportunity.
Today, crypto liquidity pools play a crucial role in the crypto market, acting as a key element in maintaining the stability of supply and demand levels between buyers and sellers, which gives investors the assurance of a good income over a certain period of time when they provide their assets for use. This technology significantly accelerates the development of DeFi markets because of its many advantages.
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